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SAC-PDG-PSG-C2SIM  January 2019

SAC-PDG-PSG-C2SIM January 2019

Subject:

Re: History of scenario formats

From:

"Katherine L. Morse" <[log in to unmask]>

Reply-To:

SAC-PDG-PSG-C2SIM <[log in to unmask]>

Date:

Fri, 25 Jan 2019 17:44:37 -0500

Content-Type:

text/plain

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text/plain (31 lines)

So, here's what I've found so far. If anyone has any other leads, I'd appreciate having them.

One of the earliest scenario generators was the Training Scenario Generator (TSG), developed for a NASA space shuttle flight controller simulation [Loftin 1987]. As early as 1997 [Bowers], attempts were made to automatically generate training scenarios (event-sets) from a database of individual training requirements (events).

The Joint Theater Level Simulation (JTLS) [Rolands], begun in 1983 [Wikipedia], has a proprietary scenario database.

Joint Exercise Management Module (JEMM) [NATO] is a web-based application designed to support exercise planners, control organizations, and analysts in the design, conduct, and analysis of training and exercise events. JEMM focuses on Main Events List/Main Incidents List (MEL/MIL) scripting and management. JEMM was first deployed in 2004.

The Joint Training Data Services (JTDS) for the Joint Live, Virtual, Constructive (JLVC) Federation, first released in 2007 [Bowers], provides data inputs to scenario generation. Scenarios are stored in JLVC-specific Order of Battle System (OBS) XML format to be read at federation initialization. [This suggests that only the OOB is stored in the scenario file and not runtime events

Coalition Battle Management Language (C-BML) [SISO 2014] is a standard language for expressing and exchanging plans, orders, requests, and reports across command and control (C2) systems, live, virtual and constructive (LVC) modeling and simulation (M&S) systems, and autonomous systems participating in Coalition operations. It describes the data model as a subset of Joint Consultation Command and Control Information Exchange Data Model (JC3IEDM) and specifies the information exchange content and structure in the form of an XML schema. C-BML is properly a runtime data exchange model for expressing events during simulation execution rather than a scenario specification language.

It wasn’t until the advent of Military Scenario Definition Language (MSDL) [SISO 2006] that effort shifted to defining a tool-independent scenario format. The MSDL XML schema is based on the schema of the same name developed for the OneSAF Objective System (OOS). The result of this effort is the MSDL standard [SISO 2015].

There are references to Army Warfare System (AWARS) Millennium Challenge 2002/Combined Arms Planning and Execution System (MC2/CAPES) scenarios, but no evidence of a prescribed format.

KLM
---
Katherine L. Morse, PhD
Principal Professional Staff
JHU/APL
11100 Johns Hopkins Road
Laurel, MD 20723-6099
(240)917-9602 (w)
(858)775-8651 (m)

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